Improvement in machinery for cleaning cotton

  • Inventors:
  • Assignees:
  • Publication Date: February 11, 1862
  • Publication Number: US-34363-A

Abstract

Claims

' UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. ISAAC HAYDEN, oE LAWRENCE, MASSACHUSETTS. IMPROVEMENT IN MACHINERY FOR CLEANING COTTON. Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 34,363, dated Febuary 11, 1862. To all whom t may concern/.V 1 Be it known that I, ISAAC HAYDEN, of Lawrence, in the county of EsseXand State of' Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus or Machinery for Cleaning Cotton and other Fibrous Substances; and l do hereby declare that the same is described and represented in the following specification and drawings. To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my improvements, I will proceed to describe their construction and operation, referring to t-he drawings, in which the same letters indicate likeparts in each of the figures. In the accompanying drawings four beating or picking machines are shown and numbered from l to 4:, and connected by three bent or curved trunks, so that the cotton fed to the first machine passes through each trunk and machine in succession through the whole series. The nature of my invention and improvements in machinery or apparatus for workin g and cleaning cotton and other fibrous substances consists in connecting two or more or a series of machines by means of trunks (provided with woven screens and cells) so as to make each machine supply or feed the next machine to it through the trunk that connects the two machines or any two machines in the series; also, in bending or curving the trunk or trunks that connect the machines for cleaning cotton and other fibrous substances so as to carry one part of said trunk over or under or by the side of the other part of the trunk, and thereby obtain a greater length of trunk and a greater area of screening-Surface than could otherwise be effected in a room of a given size. ln the accompanying drawings, A, Figure l, is a trough provided with an endless feeding apron or belt B, which passes around two rollers, which are turned by proper gearing to give the required motion to the belt B, onto which the cotton is spread by the attendant and is carried forward and passes between the fluted iron rollers C', which deliver it to the beater a, which turns about seven hundred times per minute and-has four blades which knock the Cotton from the rollers C in small locks and throw it against the rotating Wovenwire screen h, through which the air escapes, While the cotton is carried forward under the roller D, which compresses it into a bat or lap, and it passes between the feeding-rollers C2, which deliver it to the beater c, which turns about fourteen hundred times per minute and has two blades which knock or beat the cotton from the rollers C2and blow it through the bent trunk b over the woven-wire screen C around onto the rotating woven-wire screen h', which receives the air and delivers the cotton under the roller D to the rollers E, which deliver it to the beater a', (which is similar to the beater m2,) the beater c2 blowing the cotton through the trunk b to the rotating ,woven-wire screen h2, similar to those heretofore described. The cotton, after beingbeat as many times as required and blown through as many trunks as are necessary to separate the dirt, dust, and refuse matter from it, may be lapped or batted and wound onto a roller in the machine, (shown at Fig. 4,) in which the Woven-wire cylinder h3, which receives the air and delivers the cotton under the roller D3 to the rollers E2, which convey it to the feedingrollers G5, which deliver the cotton to the beater a4, which knocks it against the rotating Woven-wire screen h4, which delivers it under the roller D4 to the rollers F, which compress it into a lap or bat, and it passes onto the rollers G, where it is wound upon a roller placed between two stands like the one shown at H, from whence it is removed upon the roller to the carding-machine. The trunks which connect the beating or picking machines maybe made straight, as shown by dotted lines between the first and second machines, which may be placed sucha distance apart as to make the trunk the required length, or the trunks may be bent or curved, as shown in the drawings, so that one part of the trunk will pass over or under the other part to obtain greater length of trunk and more area of screening-surface than could otherwise be effected in a room of a given size. Each of these trunks consists of two perpendicular sides placed about thirty inches apart and connected together by cross-partitions C C, placed about ve inches apart and made to extend from the lower edges of the sides up to the middle. The bottom of this trunk is closed by small doors fitted to the partitions so as to form a series of cells d in the lower half of the trunk, which cells are covered by a screen of woven wire extending across the trunk from side to side and supported by the tops of the partitions. VThe woven screen should be made of smooth Wire, about No. 20, Woven so as to make about twentytive or thirty openings to the inch and Varnished to prevent the fibers of cotton from catching and hanging in the scores at the junction of the Warp and weft. The top of this trunk may be formed ,of aseries of doors that may be removed when required. These trunks are found to Work well when there is a space of six inches between the top and screen and the cells are six inches deep under the screen. It is a great advantage to curve these trunks so that the locks of cotton blown through them may be turned over in their passage, so as to let the sand, dirt, and refuse matter fall from both sides of the locks of cotton. Besides, by curving the trunk so as to carry one partover or under or by the side of the other part more length of trunk may be obtained in a room of a given size. If the blast created by the beater is not sufcientto blowthe cotton through the trunk, a fan f may be arranged to draw or suck the air from the rotating screen in a manner Well known to engineers, and thereby aid materially in increasing the blast and bringing the cotton from the beater to the rotating screen; l I contemplate that spiked cylinders may be used instead of beaters or scutchers, and that the speed at which either of them are turned may be varied from that heretofore stated; also, that perforated sheet metal may be used to form the rotating screens instead of the vwove wire. The width of these machines may be varied to suit t-he width of the cords which are to card the cotton. I claim- 1. Connecting two or more or a series of machines for Working cotton and other fibrous substances by means of trunks provided with woven screens and cells, substantially as described, so as to make each machine supply or feed the next machine to it through said trunk, substantially in the manner set forth. 2. In machinery or apparatus for cleaning cotton and other tibi-ons substances, a trough or trunk which is so bent or curved as to carry one part of said trunk over or under or by theside of the other part of the trunk, so as to obtain a greater length of trunk and a greater area Qt' screening-surface than could otherwise be effected in a room of a given size. ISAAC HAYDEN. Witnesses: O. B. MORSE, W. B. HAYDEN.

Description

Topics

Download Full PDF Version (Non-Commercial Use)

Patent Citations (0)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle

NO-Patent Citations (0)

    Title

Cited By (90)

    Publication numberPublication dateAssigneeTitle
    US-6121790-ASeptember 19, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic device with enhanced multiplexing capabilities in interconnect resources
    US-5963050-AOctober 05, 1999Xilinx, Inc.Configurable logic element with fast feedback paths
    US-6124731-ASeptember 26, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Configurable logic element with ability to evaluate wide logic functions
    US-2004251930-A1December 16, 2004Altera CorporationInterconnection and input/output resources for programmable logic integrated circuit devices
    US-5940852-AAugust 17, 1999Altera CorporationMemory cells configurable as CAM or RAM in programmable logic devices
    US-6107825-AAugust 22, 2000Altera CorporationInput/output circuitry for programmable logic devices
    US-5999016-ADecember 07, 1999Altera CorporationArchitectures for programmable logic devices
    US-5969544-AOctober 19, 1999Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki KaishaClock driver circuit and semiconductor integrated circuit device incorporating the clock driver circuit
    US-6144573-ANovember 07, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic devices with improved content addressable memory capabilities
    US-6028445-AFebruary 22, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Decoder structure and method for FPGA configuration
    US-5943242-AAugust 24, 1999Pact GmbhDynamically reconfigurable data processing system
    US-5790479-AAugust 04, 1998Xilinx, Inc.Method for characterizing interconnect timing characteristics using reference ring oscillator circuit
    US-6107824-AAugust 22, 2000Altera CorporationCircuitry and methods for internal interconnection of programmable logic devices
    US-6049223-AApril 11, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array integrated circuit with general-purpose memory configurable as a random access or FIFO memory
    US-6160418-ADecember 12, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Integrated circuit with selectively disabled logic blocks
    US-6130555-AOctober 10, 2000Altera CorporationDriver circuitry for programmable logic devices
    US-6049225-AApril 11, 2000Altera CorporationInput/output interface circuitry for programmable logic array integrated circuit devices
    US-5970372-AOctober 19, 1999Xilinx, Inc.Method of forming multilayer amorphous silicon antifuse
    US-6060903-AMay 09, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic device architecture incorporating a dedicated cross-bar switch
    US-5942913-AAugust 24, 1999Xilinx, Inc.FPGA repeatable interconnect structure with bidirectional and unidirectional interconnect lines
    US-6091263-AJuly 18, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Rapidly reconfigurable FPGA having a multiple region architecture with reconfiguration caches useable as data RAM
    US-5999015-ADecember 07, 1999Altera CorporationLogic region resources for programmable logic devices
    US-6084429-AJuly 04, 2000Xilinx, Inc.PLD having a window pane architecture with segmented and staggered interconnect wiring between logic block arrays
    US-5920202-AJuly 06, 1999Xilinx, Inc.Configurable logic element with ability to evaluate five and six input functions
    US-6163167-ADecember 19, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Method for generating an FPGA two turn routing structure with lane changing and minimum diffusion area
    US-2682085-AJune 29, 1954Johns ManvilleApparatus for cleaning and opening fragile fibers
    US-5986470-ANovember 16, 1999Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array integrated circuit devices
    US-6057704-AMay 02, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Partially reconfigurable FPGA and method of operating same
    US-6122720-ASeptember 19, 2000Altera CorporationCoarse-grained look-up table architecture
    US-5723984-AMarch 03, 1998Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.Field programmable gate array (FPGA) with interconnect encoding
    US-2003020082-A1January 30, 2003Motorola, Inc.Structure and method for fabricating semiconductor structures and devices for optical switching
    US-6097210-AAugust 01, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Multiplexer array with shifted input traces
    US-5900743-AMay 04, 1999Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array devices with interconnect lines of various lengths
    US-6107827-AAugust 22, 2000Xilinx, Inc.FPGA CLE with two independent carry chains
    US-6005829-ADecember 21, 1999Xilinx, Inc.Method for characterizing interconnect timing characteristics
    US-6086629-AJuly 11, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Method for design implementation of routing in an FPGA using placement directives such as local outputs and virtual buffers
    US-6057707-AMay 02, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic device incorporating a memory efficient interconnection device
    US-6008666-ADecember 28, 1999Xilinx, Inc.Variable-delay interconnect structure for a programmable logic device
    US-5789938-AAugust 04, 1998Xilinx, Inc.Structure and method for reading blocks of data from selectable points in a memory device
    US-6075418-AJune 13, 2000Xilinx, Inc.System with downstream set or clear for measuring signal propagation delays on integrated circuits
    US-6081903-AJune 27, 2000Pact GmbhMethod of the self-synchronization of configurable elements of a programmable unit
    US-2004052130-A1March 18, 2004Martin Vorbach, Robert MunchMethod of self-synchronization of configurable elements of a programmable unit
    US-6127844-AOctober 03, 2000Altera CorporationPCI-compatible programmable logic devices
    US-6014509-AJanuary 11, 2000Atmel CorporationField programmable gate array having access to orthogonal and diagonal adjacent neighboring cells
    US-6026227-AFebruary 15, 2000Atmel CorporationFPGA logic cell internal structure including pair of look-up tables
    US-6020759-AFebruary 01, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array device with random access memory configurable as product terms
    US-2010241823-A1September 23, 2010Martin Vorbach, Alexander ThomasData processing device and method
    US-6119181-ASeptember 12, 2000Pact GmbhI/O and memory bus system for DFPs and units with two- or multi-dimensional programmable cell architectures
    US-6084427-AJuly 04, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic devices with enhanced multiplexing capabilities
    US-2003124055-A1July 03, 2003Pg-Txl Company, L.P.Water soluble paclitaxel derivatives
    US-6128215-AOctober 03, 2000Altera CorporationStatic random access memory circuits
    US-6118298-ASeptember 12, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Structure for optionally cascading shift registers
    US-2003210073-A1November 13, 2003Tony Ngai, Bruce Pedersen, Sergey Shumarayev, James Schleicher, Wei-Jen Huang, Michael Hutton, Victor Maruri, Rakesh Patel, Kazarian Peter J., Andrew Leaver, Mendel David W., Jim ParkInterconnection and input/output resources for programmable logic integrated circuit devices
    US-6154048-ANovember 28, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Structure and method for loading narrow frames of data from a wide input bus
    US-6150839-ANovember 21, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Rapidly reconfigurable FPGA having a multiple region architecture with reconfiguration caches useable as data RAM
    US-2003073617-A1April 17, 2003Pg-Txl Company, L.P.Water soluble paclitaxel derivatives
    US-6134191-AOctober 17, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Oscillator for measuring on-chip delays
    US-6144262-ANovember 07, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Circuit for measuring signal delays of asynchronous register inputs
    US-5517135-AMay 14, 1996Xilinx, Inc.Bidirectional tristate buffer with default input
    US-6069849-AMay 30, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Method and system for measuring signal propagation delays using the duty cycle of a ring oscillator
    US-6094063-AJuly 25, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Method for level shifting logic signal voltage levels
    US-5977791-ANovember 02, 1999Altera CorporationEmbedded memory block with FIFO mode for programmable logic device
    US-6046603-AApril 04, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Method and apparatus for controlling the partial reconfiguration of a field programmable gate array
    US-6118720-ASeptember 12, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array device with random access memory configurable as product terms
    US-6038650-AMarch 14, 2000PactgmbhMethod for the automatic address generation of modules within clusters comprised of a plurality of these modules
    US-6137307-AOctober 24, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Structure and method for loading wide frames of data from a narrow input bus
    US-6021490-AFebruary 01, 2000Pact GmbhRun-time reconfiguration method for programmable units
    US-6127846-AOctober 03, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array devices with interconnect lines of various lengths
    US-6052746-AApril 18, 2000Motorola, Inc.Integrated circuit having programmable pull device configured to enable/disable first function in favor of second function according to predetermined scheme before/after reset
    US-5963049-AOctober 05, 1999Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array integrated circuit architectures
    US-6154052-ANovember 28, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Combined tristate/carry logic mechanism
    US-6075381-AJune 13, 2000Micron Electronics, Inc.Programmable logic block in an integrated circuit
    US-6069489-AMay 30, 2000Xilinx, Inc.FPGA having fast configuration memory data readback
    US-6154055-ANovember 28, 2000Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array integrated circuit devices
    US-6069490-AMay 30, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Routing architecture using a direct connect routing mesh
    US-6167559-ADecember 26, 2000Atmel CorporationFPGA structure having main, column and sector clock lines
    US-6088795-AJuly 11, 2000Pact GmbhProcess for automatic dynamic reloading of data flow processors (DFPs) and units with two or three-dimensional programmable cell architectures (FPGAs, DPGAs and the like)
    US-2009009215-A1January 08, 2009Matsumoto Yohei, Akira MasakiIntegrated Circuit with Multidimensional Switch Topology
    US-6026481-AFebruary 15, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Microprocessor with distributed registers accessible by programmable logic device
    US-2003023912-A1January 30, 2003Xilinx, Inc.Integrated testing of serializer/deserializer in FPGA
    US-6052327-AApril 18, 2000Altera CorporationDual-port programmable logic device variable depth and width memory array
    US-5592106-AJanuary 07, 1997Altera CorporationProgrammable logic array integrated circuits with interconnection conductors of overlapping extent
    US-5977793-ANovember 02, 1999Altera CorporationProgrammable logic device with hierarchical interconnection resources
    US-6031391-AFebruary 29, 2000Altera CorporationConfiguration memory integrated circuit
    US-6051992-AApril 18, 2000Xilinx, Inc.Configurable logic element with ability to evaluate five and six input functions
    US-2003062922-A1April 03, 2003Xilinx, Inc.Programmable gate array having interconnecting logic to support embedded fixed logic circuitry
    US-5982195-ANovember 09, 1999Altera CorporationProgrammable logic device architectures
    US-2004127977-A1July 01, 2004Conor Medsystems, Inc.Expandable medical device with openings for delivery of multiple beneficial agents
    US-2004088663-A1May 06, 2004Qinghong Wu, Yinan Shen, Liren LiuPlacement processing for programmable logic devices
    US-2003065346-A1April 03, 2003Evens Carl J., Kevin WeedockDrug releasing anastomosis devices and methods for treating anastomotic sites