Process of treating cotton-waste.

Abstract

Claims

No. 66|,I66.." Patented Nov. 6, |900. R. R. BOYD. PROCESS OF TBEATING COTTON WASTE. (Application 111mm.. e, 189s. Renewed mr. 2, 1900. l (Nn Model.) 3 Sheds-Sheet l. me ohms PETERS co., Naro-urna., wAsuyuc'm. n. cy II 'u i 1 if 1 MIHIL No. s6|,|6s. Patented Nov. 6, |900. n. n. BoYn. l PBCESS 0F TREATING CUTTN'WSTE. (Application led Jan. 6, 1898. Renewed Har. 2, 1900. ' 3 Sheets-Sheet 2. @vilt/mclane@ 4 I Y /M l $76? No. s6|,|s6.` Patented Nov. 6, |900. ' R. R. BOYD. PROCESS 0F TREATING COTTDN WASTE. 4 (Application led .Tm 6, 1898. Renewed Mar. 2, 1900* (No Model.) 3 Sheets-Sheet 3. mem/hoz .52.. #www me ohms vzvzns cor PHnTaLrrnc., wAsmNsmN. n. c. JUNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. ROBERT R. BOYD, OF MEMPHIS, TENNESSEE. PROCESS OF TREATING COTTON-WASTE SPECIFICATION formingpm of Letters Patent No. 661,166, dated. November 6, 1900. ' Application filed January 6, 1898. Renewed March?, 1900. Serial No. 7,126. (No model.) T0 all whom. it may concern.- `Be it known that I, ROBERT R. BOYD, a ctizen of the United States, residing at Memphis, in the county of Shelby and State of Tenues, see, have invented 'certain new and useful Improvements in Processes of Treating Cotton-Waste; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, 'such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertaius to make and use the same. My invention relates to the processof treating cotton-waste of the character discharged from the end of the screen in oil-mills; and it has for its object to separate the cotton contained in such waste from the vario us impurities and to save the cotton. In the drawings, Figure 1 represents alongitudinal vertical section of a complete apparatus for carrying my process into effect. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section taken on the line 2 2, Fig. 1. Fig. 3 shows a side view of a modification of the apparatus for separating the dust and light trash from the cotton, parts being broken away. Fig. 4 is a side elevation, and Fig. 5 is a longitudinal central 'section, of the toothed cylinder for breaking up the boll-hulls, &c. Fig. 6 is a'longitudinal central section of a modification, showing the use of a blast-fan instead of a suction-fan.v Fig. 7 represents a vertical longitudinal section of a modification of the final separating apparatus, and Fig. S is a side view of thev same. A represents the screen f an oil mill through which the contefits of the seed pile are passed preparatory to treating the seed. My process is specially designed to treat the waste or tailings from this screen, which consists of foreign bodies-such as nails, pieces of wood, strings, paper, duc-mixed withv pieces of cotton, seed entangled withpieces of cotton, boil-hulls, circ. The tailings from the screen are discharged into the hopper B, thence falling into the passage b, and finally` blast into the large inclined tube D. Just at the point of entrance into this tube D Vis a string-picker E, composed Aof a cylinder with curved teeth e thereon. In the lower part of this tube and' extending nearly the` whole length thereof is an endless apron F, mounted on pulleys f, said endless apron being provided with small hooks f. `Ordinary card-clothing may be used upon this endless apron, 'which travels in the direction shown by the arrows and opposite in direction to the flow of the air current. The tubeD is provided with the openings d, covered with glass or mica, sok that the action of the interior parts may be observed. Movable valves or deiiectors d are provided in the upper part of the tube D, and by means of the arms d3 and sectors d2 they may be adjusted and held in various positions. These valves are inclined upward in the direction of the dow of the current of air. Similar valves d, but pivoted in the sides of the tube D and pointing in the opposite direction, are provided. Stops d5 are provided onl the sides of Vthe tube, so that the valves d4 cannot touch the endless apron F. These valves, together with a detlector da in the lower end of the tube D, cause the waste, under the induence of the air-current, to travel upward through the tube D and at times close to the conveyer F. Near the lower part of the conveyer F and justabove it is a picker or doft'er G, which serves to clean off boll-hulls or large masses which may adhere to the conveyor F. This is effected by having the picker revolve in a direction opposite to the travel of the conveyer F. At the lower end of said conveyer is a clearing-brush H, which revolves in the opposite directionto the movement of the endless apron andpreferably at a more rapid rate, `which results in loosening from the conveyer the cotton which has collected upon it and delivering it into the hopper-like extension CZ7, located at the lower end of the tube D. This extension d7 may be provided with an opening d8, which may be made larger or smaller by a sliding valve. The use of this -opening is to prevent the possible formation of vacuum in the extension C37. This extension d7 is provid ed with a circular enlargement dg and a discharge-enlargement d10. In this enlargement di revolves a cylinder I, provided with IOO longitudinal blades c', which closely engage the sides of the enlargement (Z9, forming an air-tight pocketed Valve. A valve of this construction is shown more clearly in Fig. 3. The cotton as it is discharged from the enlargement d10 falls uponan inclined board J,`down which it slides to a horizontally-arranged endless conveyer F. AL the point Where the cotton falls upon the con veyerit is subjected to the action of a second string-picker E'. If desired or necessary, any short strings or foreign material may be removed by hand from the cotton as it is carried along upon the conveyer F'. This conveyer discharges the cotton into a hopper f3, provided with a bag at its lower end, whence it may be sent to the gin or any other desired place. The tube D terminates at its upper portion in the vacnu n1- box K, the lower part of which is closed by a pocketed valve I, similar in construction to the valve I. This vacuum-box K is provided with the circular screen 7c on one of its sides, which connects, as shown in Fig. 2, with the pipe D', leading to the suction-fan. A brush 7; is mounted in the center of this screen, and by means of the rod k2 and pulley 7a3 it is revolved, clearing the meshes of the screen. In this vacuum-box all the remaining waste except the dust and small particles, which can pass through the screen, is caught and is delivered by the pocket-valve I to the boll-huller. This boll-huller resembles the cylinder and concave in athreshiugmachine, and consists of a cylinder M, provided with curved teeth, (shown in detail in Figs. et and 5,) which pass between similar teeth, but curved in the opposite direction, upon the concave m. These teeth thoroughly break up the boll-hulls, loosen the seeds (if there are any) from the cotton, and divide up all tangled masses. Thence the waste falls upon the endless apron F2, which is inclined so that it is almost vertical. This endless apron is provided With card-clothing, which catches the pieces of cotton, allowing the boll-hulls and other impurities to drop into the hopper f2, from whence they are delivered by the pocketed valve I2 into the tube D2, leading away from the fan O to the furnace or waste heap, as may be desired. The conveyer F2 is mounted at a very sharp angle in the framef4, which is pivoted at its i lower end. Braces f5 are pivoted near the Lipper end ot' the frame f1 and are fastened by pins at their lower ends to supports upon the licor. Sectors f6, provided with holes, are fastened nea-r the upper part of the frame f4, and the braces f5 are provided with holes registering with the holes in the sectors fr. Pins are passed through these holes to stiften the frame and hold it rigidly in position. A picker or dotfer G and brush H are used in connection with the inclined endless conveyer F2. In Fig. 6 I have shown a modification of my apparatus adapted for use with a blastfan instead o' the suction-fan. In this case the tube D is arranged as before; but the tube h2, entering the lower part of said tube D, is provided with a pocket-valve I3. The blast comes from the fan through the tube b5, and thence up the tube D. In other respects the action of the apparatus is similar to that already described. In Fig. 3 I have shown a modification Kl of the vacuumchamber, which is provided with an inclined screen 7a4, placed diagonally therein. In Figs. 7 and S I have shown a modification of the final separator. In this case instead of an endless conveyer I use the cylinders F3 and F4, covered with card-clothing. Instead of endless aprons provided with cardclothing or cylinders so provided gin saws may be used or, in fact, any moving body provided with an abrasive surface. Pickers or hull-dotters G2 and G3 are located nearly above the top of each cylinder, and brushes H2 and H3 are used to clear the cotton from the cylinders. The cylinders, doffers, and brushes are mounted in an adjustable inclined frame, as previously described. These cylinders are partially inclosed in a framework N, open at the top and bottom and consisting of the side pieces and the hinged pieces n2 and n3, which by means of the screws 'n4 and a5 may be adjusted upon the main frame N. Each of the hinged pieces 91,2 and 'as is provided with an inclined portion or breast n and m7, which breasts at their lower ends come in close proximity to the cardclothing upon the cylinders F3 and F4. By turning the screws n4 and a5 the parts a6 and a7 may be made to move toward or away from the cylinders F3 and F4. The operation of my device is as follows: The waste discharged from the end of the screen A flows into the hopper B and thence into the passage b. As it leaves this passage it is met by an incoming current of air, and the heavy materialssuch as sticks, stones, nails, pieces of wood, lue-fall through the` current, and the waste is thus freed from its heavy trash. The rest of the waste then passes into the tube D, meeting the stringpicker E as it enters the tube, which takes out all the long strings. Passing farther on up the tube D, a considerable part of the cotton is caught by the card-clothing upon the conveyor F and then carried down and discharged through the passage d10. After being subjected to the action of asecond stringpicker the part of the cotton which has left the tube D is delivered to the hopper f3 in a clean condition. The rest of the waste passes on up the tube D. As it s drawn into the vacuum-chamber K, the current being there weakened, it all falls to the bottom of said chamber, except the dustand the lighter particles, which are drawn through the screen 7c. It is then delivered to the boll-huller, which thoroughly disintegrates the entire mass, and from thence to the fina-l separator, the clean cotton passing into the hopper f3 IIO a full bale of cotton every day on account ofl the particles which escape in the Waste. I have not shown or described in det-ail the means for operating the fan, conveyers, brushes, 85e., as these'are of the ordinary7 types'and form no essential part of my invention. This apparatus can also be used on cottonjust as itis gathered from the fields, especially if inclosed in the bollhulls, to prepare said cotton for ginning. In such a case the disintegrating mechanism M fm and the separating mechanism to which it delivers are used. It is obvious that many'changes might be made in the construction and arrangement of the various parts without departing from the spirit of my invention, and I wish it to be expressly understood that Ido not limit myself to the exact construction and arrangement shown. Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is- l. The process of treating cotton-Waste, which consists in subjecting it to the action of a current of air .whereby the heavy trash -is at once separated therefrom, conveying the remainder of the Waste along by said current of air, and separating therefrom the princi pal part of the cotton While it is carried along by the air-current, separating the dust and light trash from the remainder, disintegrating said remainder, and separating the cotton from said disintegrated mass, substan tially as described. 2. The process of treating cotton-waste, which consists in subjecting it to the action of a current of air, 'whereby the heavy trash is removed therefrom, removing therefrom [ibrous substances, such as strings, convey, ing the remainder of the waste along by said current of air, and separating therefrom the principal part of the cotton during its transit, separating the dust and light trash from the remainder, disintegrating said remainder, and separating the cotton from said disintegrated mass, substantially as described. 3. The process of treating cotton-waste, which consists in subjecting it to' the action of a current of air whereby the heavy trash is removed, conveying the remainder along by said current of air, separating it, during its transit, into two parts, and removing from one of those parts fibrous substances, substantially as described. 4.- The process of treating cotton-waste, which consists in subjecting it tov the action of a current of air whereby the heavy trash is removed therefrom, removing fibrous. substances, such as string, from the remainder

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Cited By (13)

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    US-2420036-AMay 06, 1947Robert A FairbairnMeans for separating short coarse fibers from long fine fibers
    US-2677153-AMay 04, 1954Hercules Powder Co LtdPreparation of cellulose derivatives
    US-2681477-AJune 22, 1954Lummus Cotton Gin CoApparatus for separating trash from lint cotton and the like
    US-2703174-AMarch 01, 1955Albert J PaynterGrain recleaner and separator
    US-2861299-ANovember 25, 1958Apparatus for and method of cleaning lint cotton
    US-3172165-AMarch 09, 1965Bobby J HelmCleaning apparatus for fibrous material
    US-3303638-AFebruary 14, 1967Gallo Winery E & JApparatus and method for separating stem and leaves from grapes in a grape harvester
    US-3423797-AJanuary 28, 1969Cotton Enterprises IncBoll and burr extractors
    US-3530652-ASeptember 29, 1970Long Mfg Co IncCotton harvester with means for separating mature cotton from green bolls and debris
    US-3815178-AJune 11, 1974United Merchants & MfgCotton linter refining process and apparatus
    US-4300267-ANovember 17, 1981Cotton, IncorporatedTotal fiber recovery method and apparatus
    US-7562419-B2July 21, 2009Hercules IncorporatedProcess for purification of cotton linters