Weighing-scale.

Abstract

Claims

M. SCHWARTZ. WEIGHING SCALE. 9. AU 0u 1 0, 2 L p .A d B LIU n na D.. 8. 0 9 l 8I E N U J D E L I n... N 0 I T A O I L D.. P BSHEETS-SEBET l. Tn: Nalkls treks tra.. wasnmcrax, n. s. M. SCHWARTZ. WBIGHIN G SCALE. - AiPLIoATIoN FILED JUNE 8,'1908. 918,777. Patented Apr. 2o, 1909. M. SCHWARTZ. WBIGHING SCALE. , APPLIUATION FILED JAUNE 8, 1906. 91 8,777. ,Patented Apr. 2o, 1909. s SHEETS-SHEET s. co wAsHlNawN, m'c. uivrrnn srefre' FATE NT OFFICE. MORRIS SCHWARTZ, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR 'IO AMERICAN CUILERY COMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS. WEIGHING-SCALE. To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, MoRRrs SCHWARTZ, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in TWeighing-Scales, of which the following is a specification. My invention relates, more particularly, to the variety of scales for weighing comparatively light articles, and comprising, in general, an upright standard carrying the article-support, a dial on the front of the scalecasing, a pointer for the dial carrying a pinion, and means operated by the article-support for actuating the pinion. IIeretofore, so far as I am aware, the construction of scales of this type has been such as to render impossible, under all conditions, the accurate weighing of articles placed on the scale, especially should the article be placed on the article-support in such a position as to cause the latter to tilt, this result being caused by the transmission of lost-motion in the lever-bearings to the rack engaging with the pointer-pinion. Another obj ectionable feature of scales, as hitherto provided, is that the rack engaging with the pointer-pinion is so constructed and connected with the operating mechanism of the scale that it is caused to be moved in an arcshaped path, and thus in moving shifts sidewise on the pinion instead of operating throughout its movement against the pinion at a given point intermediate the ends of the pinion, thereby producing such a degree of friction as prevents accurate weighing. My primary object is to overcome these objections, and to provide a construction by which shifting of the rack endwise of the pointer-pinion is avoided, and accurate weighing of articles may be effected, regardless of the position in which the article is placed on the weighing platform. Referring to the accompanying drawings- Figure I represents by a view in front elevation a scale of the slanting-dial type constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a view in longitudinal sectional elevation of the scale illustrated in Fig. l. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the rack-bar einployed. Fig. 4 is a brolren view in front elevation of the scale with the dial and pointer removed; and Fig. 5 is a section taken at the Specification of Letters Patent. Application led .Tune 8, 1908. Patented April 20, 1909. Serial No. 437,269. line 5 on Fig. 2, and viewed in the direction of the arrow. The casing of the scale which is represented at 6, affords a removable rear side 7, a base 8 and a slanting dial-supporting member 9 which latter, as illustrated, contains a vertically elongated slot IO which extends to within a short distance of the top and bottom of the member 9. The platform 1 I is carried on the upper end of a vertically reciprocable standard l2 which extends through an opening 13 in the top of the casing 6 and is of yoke-shape at its lower end-portion, affording arms la which converge downwardly as represented. Secured in the casing, near its rear end, is an upright inverted U-shaped frame l5, in the upper end-portion of which is journaled a rod 16 to which a slightly upwardly-inclined, forwardly extending frame 17 of yoke-shape affording spaced arms 18 is fhxed at lugs 19 thereon, the forward ends of the arms I8 embracing between them the yoke-frame lll at which ioints the arms IS and frame I4 are pivote together, as represented at 20. The lower ends of the frame l5 support a rigid cross-bar 2l affording two spaced depending lugs 22 intermediate its ends, between which lugs and a rod 23 secured therein the rear headed end 24 of a forwardlyextending leverarm 25 approximately paralleling the frame 17, is journaled. The lower ends of the frame-arms I4 are rigidly fastened to an arm 26 on opposite sides of its horizontal portion 27 between the ends of the latter, the forward downwardly inclined end 28 of the arm 26 being bifurcated to present depending arms 29, which embrace and pivotally connect with the leverarm 25 near its forward end, as represented at 30. The rear end of the arm 27 is connected at an opening 3l therein with the lower end of a vertically disposed coiled spring 32, which is connected near its upper end, in any suitable manner, to the lower end of a threaded rod 33, which extends upward through an opening 34 in the top of the casing 6 and carries beyond this casing an adjusting screw 35 seating in a depression 36 in the casing top. The dial-supporting member 9 has secured to it to extend longitudinally through the slot l() a pair of parallel spaced gui e-rods 37 upon which is slidably confined to be reciprocable up and down, a cross-head 38 of angular shape in cross-section affording a depending lip 39 and a rearwardly extending flange 40 through openings 41 in which the rods extend. The front face of the lip 39 has a plate 42 rigidly secured to it at one end as by the rivet 43, the outerfree end of this plate being flanged as represented'at 44, between which flange and the lip 39 a rackbar 45 is pivoted at a lug 46 thereon, as indi cated at 47 near one end of an upper corner thereof, to lie flatwise against a guide-plate 48 depending from the cross-head 38 and in the rear of the bar 45, and having a rearwardly extending flange 49 at its lower end through which the adjacent one of the rods 37 passes for supplementing the guiding action on the cross-head 38 at its flange 40. The bar 45 has rack-teeth 50 on one of its lateral edges and carries near its upper end on its opposed lateral edge an extension 51 which serves as a weight tending to swing the bar 45 upon its pivot 47 in a direction to the left in Fig. 4. The member 9 is provided centrally with a rib 52 which spans the slot 10 intermediate its ends, and ournaled in this rib is a pinion 53 which extends at a stub-shaft 54 thereon through the central opening 55 in the dialplate 56, of usual construction, and carries a pointer 57. The pinion 53 is caused to be engaged by the teeth 50 on the rack-bar 45 by pivoting the latter and weig iting it as described, so that it will tend to swing toward the pinion, it being designed that these parts be so constructed as to cause the teeth on the bar 45 to bear against the teeth on the pinion 53 with as slight pressure as is consistent with positive engagement of the rack with the pinion. The flange 40 of the cross-head 38 has two rearwardlyT extending lugs 58 between which is ivoted, as represented at 59, the upper enc of the link 60, the lower end of this link being pivotally connected with the extreme bifurcated forward end of the lever-arm 25, as represented at 61. rlhe o eration of the scale is as follows: An artic e to be weighed placed on the platform causes the standard 12 to be depressed against the resistance of the spring 32, the frame 17 and lever-arm 25 rocking at their pivotal connections with the arms 14 and 29 respectively and with the frame 15. The arm 25 is thus caused to be depressed at its forward end with the result of drawing down the cross-head 38 upon the guide-rods 37, and with this head the rack-bar 45 which latter, in engaging with the pinion 53 as before described, 'causes the latter to turn, thereby moving the pointer. It will be understood that the spring 32 is so adjusted by manipulating the screw 35 that the pointer will be operated, .when an article is placed on the platform 11, to indicate on the dial the exact weight of the article. lt will be noted that the rack-bar in moving in engagement with the pinion presents its teeth at right-angles to the teeth on the latter, and that the rack-bar does not shift lengthwise on the pinion, but is maintained at all times in engagement with it at a given point intermediate the ends of the pinion, and thus the operation of these parts is performed with minimum resistance as compared with the operation of corresponding parts in constructions in which the rack-bar is caused to travel in a curved path, Furthermore, any lost-motion existing in the pivotal connections of the lever-mechanism intermediate the platform standard and cross head carrying the pinion engaging rack, is not communicated to the rack-bar, as the latter is positively guided and maintained in true alinement by engagement with the rods 37, and thus any tipping of the scale-platform, which, if the connections of the intermediate lever-mechanism were loose for any cause, would not affect the operation of the pointer, and the scale therefore accurately indicates the weight of the article being weighed. The platform 11 may be secured to the standard 12 in any suitable manner, but as it is desired that the connection be such that the edges of the platform, which is usually square, be maintained in fixed position at all times, l form a square head 62 on the upper end of the standard 12 and provide on the under side of the platform depending flanges G3 forming a rectangular socket for receiving the square-head 62 on the standard, the )erts being united together in the usual way xy a screw 64. The expression spring-supported means occurring in certain of the claims refers to that part of the-scale which is composed of the standard 12, the levers directly fuicrumed thereto, and the spring 32, though l. do not wish to be understood by the use of the said term as limiting my invention tc its embodiment in a scale in which the lever mechanism last-above referred to, or similar thereto, is employed, as any other suitable spring-supported means for affording to the standard the roper guidance in its movement may be emp eyed and still be within the spirit of my invention as claimed. llt/That l claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is- 1. ln a slanting-dial weighing-scale, the combination with a casing carrying a slanting dial, spring-supported means for receiving the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight on said dial, and a pinion connected with said pointer, of a rack engaging with said pinion, a guide for the rack in its movements constructed and arranged to cause the latter' to travel in a straight path when operated, and a flexible connection between said support and rack, for the purpose set forth. 2. 1n a slanting-dial weighing-scale, the conibinationwith a casing carrying a slanting dial, spring-supported nieans for receiving the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indieating the weight on said dial, and a pinion connected with said pointer, of a guide, a rack slidable on said guide and engaging at its teeth with said pinion, and a linh carried by said support and iaving iiexible operative connection with said rack for operating it, for the purpose set forth. 3. 1n a slanting-dial weighing-scale, the combination with a casing carrying a slanting dial, spring-supported ineans for receiving the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight on said dial, and a pinion connected with said pointer, of a guiderod, a rack slidable on said rod and engaging at its teeth with said pinion, and a link carried by said support and having flexible operative connection with said rack for operating the latter, for the purpose set forth. 4. 1n a Weigl'iing-scale, the combination with the support for the articles to be .veighed, a pointer for indicating the Weight, and a pinion connected with the pointer, of a guide, a head slidable on said guide and carrying a guide-plate, a rack-bar pivoted on said head bearing at its teeth against the pinion and bearing at a face thereof against said plate, and ineans constructed and arranged to be operated by the inoveinent of said support for operating said head, for the purpose set forth. 5. ln a weighing-scale, the combination with the support for the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight, and a pinion connected with the pointer, of a guide, a head slidable on said guide, a rachbar pivoted near its upper end on said head and provided with an extension at a point causing the bar to be swung toward the pinion and' be held in engagement therewith and ine-ans constructed and arranged to be operated by the inovenient of said support for operating said head, for the purpose set forth. 6. ln a weighing-scale, the combination with the support for the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight, and a pinion connectedwith the pointer, of a guide fornied of parallel bars, a head slidably connected with said bars near its upper end and. having a depending guide-plate slidably engaging one of said bars,a rack-bar pivoted to said head bearing fiatwise against the guide-plate and engaging at its teeth with the teeth on the pinion, and ineens constructed and arranged to be operated by the inoveinent of said support for operating said headforgthe purposelse y 7. 1n a weighing-scale, the combination with the support for the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight, and a pinion connected with the pointer, of a guide, a rack slidable on said guide and engaging at its teeth with said pinion, pivotally supported lover-mechanism with which said support is connected, a spring for yieldingly holding said support in raised position, and a linl; connected with said lever-mechanisin and said racli, for the purpose set forth. S. 1n a weighing-scale, the combination with the support for the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight, and a pinion connected with the pointer, of a racl; slidable on said guide and engaging at its teeth with the pinion, a pair of substantially parallel horiaontal lever franies pivoted to the casing, a standard carrying said support and pivoted to said franies, a spring tending to hold said franies and standard in raised position, and a link pivotally connected with one of said fraines and with the raclt for the purpose set forth. 9. ln a weighing-scale, the combination with the support for the ait-icles to be wei-hed, a pointer for indicating the weight, and a pinion connected with the pointer, of aguide, a rack slidable on said guide and engaging at its teeth with said pinion, a series of roch-levers to which said support is connected, a spring for yicldingly holding said support in raised position, and a link connected with said rock-lever niechanisni and pivoted to said rack, for the purpose set forth. 10. 1n a slanting-dial weighing-scalo, the combination with a casing carrying a slanting dial, a support for articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight on said dial, and a pinion connected with said pointer, of a guide, a head slidably supported on said guide in a inanner to cause said head to travel in a straight path when operated, a rack carried by said head and engaging at its teeth with said pinion, and a link carried by said support and having flexible operative connection with said rack for operating the latter, for the purpose set forth. 11. in a weighing-scale, the combination with a standard for receiving the articles to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight, and a pinion connected with the pointer, of a guide-rod, a rack slidable on. said rod and engaging at its teeth with saidf"l pinion, pivotally supported lever niechanisin with which said standard is connected, ineans for yieldingly holding said standard in raised position., and a linh connected with said lever inechanisni and serving to operate said rack, for the purpose set forth. l2. ln a weighing-scale, the combination with the support for the articles 'p to be weighed, a pointer for indicating the weight, and a pinion connected with the pointer, of e guide-rod, e member slideble on seid guideiod zuid positively guided thereby, e mol; carried by said member mid engaging with said pinion, pivotelly supported level1 mech- 5 mism with which said support is connected, men-ns 'for yieldingly holding said support in raised position, :mda link flexibly connectedv With said member and with said le- Vei' mechanism, for the purpose Set forth. MORRIS SCHVARTZ. Inpresenoe Of W. B. DAVIES, R. A. SCHAEFER.

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